Brain Tumour Types
40% of all cancers spread to the brain
There are many types and categories of brain tumour; at Brain Tumour Research we strive to provide accurate and useful information regarding as many of these as possible.
To learn more, please select from the list below to be taken to the appropriate page.
A sub-type of schwannoma that occurs in the inner ear, wrapping around the vestibular (auditory) nerve, situated in the inner ear.
Astrocytomas are the most common type of primary glioma brain tumour in both children and adults, occurring as both low and high-grade types of brain tumour.
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT)
A very rare but fast-growing tumour of the central nervous system which usually occurs in childhood.
Brainstem gliomas develop in the brain stem that connects the base of the brain to the spinal cord, just above the back of the neck.
These develop from tissue that lines part of the ventricles (hollow spaces) in the centre of the brain and produces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF fluid).
The most common site for this tumour is the cerebrum, but it can also spread to other parts of the brain.
These tumours develop in an area of the brain called the hypothalamus, which is close to the pituitary gland.
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG)
DIPG brain tumour is an aggressive form of childhood brain cancer. Also known as brain stem glioma or diffuse midline glioma.
Diffuse midline glioma
Diffuse midline glioma is an aggressive form of childhood brain cancer. Also known as DIPG or brain stem glioma.
A rare type of glioma that can be found in any part of the brain or spine.
The combination of neuronal and glial cells makes this a unique subtype of the glioma group of brain tumours.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive and fast-growing from of brain cancer. It is the most common and dangerous type of primary malignant (high-grade) brain tumour in adults.
Glioma brain tumours develop from damaged glial cells in the brain. Glioma brain tumours vary from low-grade (slow-growing) to high-grade (faster-growing).
A tumour that is formed from cells that line the blood vessels, at an early stage of their development.
Haemangiopericytoma/Solitary Fibrous Tumour (HPC-SFT)
When viewed under a microscope the appearance of haemangiopericytomas and solitary fibrous tumours are quite different, so the two names have been kept when referring to tumours of the central nervous system (which consists of the brain and spinal cord).
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumour in children, representing at least 15% of all childhood brain tumours, but can also occur in adults.
Meningioma is the most common form of adult primary brain tumour, usually low-grade (non-cancerous).
A glioma brain tumour that contains a mix of glial cells including astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and ependymal cells.
A type of glioma that develops from cells called oligodendrocytes. More common in adults than children.
Optic nerve / Optic pathway glioma
An optic nerve glioma is a rare, slow-growing brain tumour that mainly affects children and teenagers.
Pineal region tumours / Pineal gland tumours
Pineal region tumours form in or around the pineal gland, which is located deep in the centre of the brain.
The pituitary gland is located just under the brain where it lies in a small hollow in the skull.
Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs)
These tumours develop from cells that are left over from development of the body in the womb.
Usually a low-grade, benign, slow-growing, non-cancerous brain tumour that develops from schwann cells.
Spinal cord tumours
On rare occasions, certain types of tumour found in the brain can either spread into the spinal cord or start there. A spinal cord tumour is not always cancerous.
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