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Brain Tumour Types

40% of all cancers spread to the brain

There are many types and categories of brain tumour; at Brain Tumour Research we strive to provide accurate and useful information regarding as many of these as possible.

To learn more, please select from the list below to be taken to the appropriate page.

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  • Acoustic neuroma

    A sub-type of schwannoma that occurs in the inner ear, wrapping around the vestibular (auditory) nerve, situated in the inner ear.
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  • Astrocytoma

    Astrocytomas are the most common type of primary glioma brain tumour in both children and adults, occurring as both low and high-grade types of brain tumour.
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  • Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT)

    A very rare but fast-growing tumour of the central nervous system which usually occurs in childhood.
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  • Brainstem glioma

    Brainstem gliomas develop in the brain stem that connects the base of the brain to the spinal cord, just above the back of the neck.
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  • Choroid Plexus

    These develop from tissue that lines part of the ventricles (hollow spaces) in the centre of the brain and produces cerebrospinal fluid (CSF fluid).
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  • CNS lymphoma

    The most common site for this tumour is the cerebrum, but it can also spread to other parts of the brain.
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  • Craniopharyngioma

    These tumours develop in an area of the brain called the hypothalamus, which is close to the pituitary gland.
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  • Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG)

    DIPG brain tumour is an aggressive form of childhood brain cancer. Also known as brain stem glioma or diffuse midline glioma.
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  • Diffuse midline glioma

    Diffuse midline glioma is an aggressive form of childhood brain cancer. Also known as DIPG or brain stem glioma.
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  • Ependymoma

    A rare type of glioma that can be found in any part of the brain or spine.
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  • Ganglioglioma

    The combination of neuronal and glial cells makes this a unique subtype of the glioma group of brain tumours.
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  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)

    Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive and fast-growing from of brain cancer. It is the most common and dangerous type of primary malignant (high-grade) brain tumour in adults.
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  • Glioma

    Glioma brain tumours develop from damaged glial cells in the brain. Glioma brain tumours vary from low-grade (slow-growing) to high-grade (faster-growing).
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  • Haemangioblastoma

    A tumour that is formed from cells that line the blood vessels, at an early stage of their development.
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  • Medulloblastoma

    Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumour in children, representing at least 15% of all childhood brain tumours, but can also occur in adults.
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  • Meningioma

    Meningioma is the most common form of adult primary brain tumour, usually low-grade (non-cancerous).
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  • Mixed glioma

    A glioma brain tumour that contains a mix of glial cells including astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and ependymal cells.
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  • Oligodendroglioma

    A type of glioma that develops from cells called oligodendrocytes. More common in adults than children.
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  • Optic nerve / Optic pathway glioma

    An optic nerve glioma is a rare, slow-growing brain tumour that mainly affects children and teenagers.
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  • Pineal region tumours / Pineal gland tumours

    Pineal region tumours form in or around the pineal gland, which is located deep in the centre of the brain.
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  • Pituitary tumours

    The pituitary gland is located just under the brain where it lies in a small hollow in the skull.
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  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs)

    These tumours develop from cells that are left over from development of the body in the womb.
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  • Schwannoma

    Usually a low-grade, benign, slow-growing, non-cancerous brain tumour that develops from schwann cells.
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  • Spinal cord tumours

    On rare occasions, certain types of tumour found in the brain can either spread into the spinal cord or start there. A spinal cord tumour is not always cancerous.
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