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Types of Brain Tumour

40% of all cancers spread to the brain

Acoustic neuroma

A brain tumour which is benign and in most (but not all) cases usually slow growing.

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Astrocytomas

These glial cell tumours are the most common type of glioma in both adults and children.

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Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT)

A very rare but fast-growing tumour of the central nervous system which usually occurs in childhood.

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Brain stem glioma

Brain stem glioma occurs most commonly in children between five and 10 years old.

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CNS lymphoma

The most common site for this tumour is the cerebrum, but it can also spread to other parts of the brain.

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Craniopharyngioma

These tumours develop in an area of the brain called the hypothalamus, which is close to the pituitary gland.

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Difuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG)

A specific type of brain tumour which is one of a larger group referred to as brainstem gliomas.

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Ependymoma

A rare type of glioma that can be found in any part of the brain or spine.

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Glioblastoma multiforme

A Grade 4 astrocytoma is also called glioblastoma multiforme or GBM.

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Haemangioblastoma

A tumour that is formed from cells that line the blood vessels, at an early stage of their development.

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Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system and can sometimes start in the brain.

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Medulloblastoma

These occur in the cerebellum and are always high grade malignant tumours. 

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Meningioma

A tumour of the meninges, the thin sheets of body tissue inside the skull which help to protect the brain.

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Mixed glioma

Astrocytomas, ependymomas and oligodendrogliomas  are all types of glioma.

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Oligodendroglioma

A type of glioma that develops from cells called oligodendrocytes. More common in adults than children.

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Pineal gland tumours

Only one in every 100 brain tumours (1%) are pineal tumours. More common in adults than children.

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Pituitary tumours

The pituitary gland is located just under the brain where it lies in a small hollow in the skull.

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Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs)

These tumours develop from cells that are left over from development of the body in the womb.

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Spinal cord tumours

There are several different types of cancer of the spinal cord.

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